Thursday, 31 October 2013

78% of Chechens belong to J Y DNA

78% of Chechens belong to J, of which 57% are J2 and around 20% are J1.

The Chechen people are mainly inhabitants of Chechnya, Russian Federation. There are also significant Chechen populations in other subdivisions of Russia (especially in Dagestan, Ingushetia and Moscow).

Outside Russia, countries with significant diaspora populations are Kazakhstan, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and the Middle Eastern states (especially Jordan and Iraq, where they are mainly descendants of people who had to leave Chechnya during the Caucasian War (which led to the annexation of Chechnya by the Russian Empire around 1850) and the 1944 Stalinist deportation in the case of Kazakhstan. Tens of thousands of Chechen refugees settled in the European Union and elsewhere as the result of the recent Chechen Wars, especially in the wave of emigration to the West after 2002.

In the Middle Ages, the lowland of Chechnya was dominated by the Khazars and then the Alans. Local culture was also subject to Byzantine and Georgian influence and some Chechens converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Gradually, Islam prevailed, although the Chechens' own pagan religion was still strong until the 19th century. Society was organised along feudal lines. Chechnya was devastated by the Mongol invasions of the 13th century and those of Tamerlane in the 14th. The Vainakh bear the distinction of being one of the few peoples to successfully resist the Mongols, but this came at great cost to them, as their state was utterly destroyed. These events were key in the shaping of the Chechen nationhood and their martial-oriented and clan-based society.

Here are some photos of the J1 and J2 Y DNA Chechen males, where auburn hair and blue eyes are prominent.















The overwhelming bulk of Chechen J2 is of the subclade J2a4b* (J2-M67), of which the highest frequencies by far are found among Nakh peoples: Chechens were 55.2% according to the Balanovsky study, while Ingush were 87.4%. Other notable haplogroups that appeared consistently appeared at significant frequencies included J1 (20.9%), L (7.0%), G2 (5.5%),R1a (3.9%), Q-M242 (3%) and R1b-M269 (1.8%), but much higher in Chechnya itself as opposed to Dagestani or Ingushetian Chechens). Overall, tests have shown consistently that Chechens are most closely related to Ingush, Circassians and Georgians, occasionally showing a kinship to other peoples in some tests. Balanovsky's study showed the Ingush to be the Chechens' closest relatives by far.

A 2004 study of the mtDNA showed Chechens to be extremely diverse in the mitochondrial genome, with 18 different haplogroups out of only 23 samples. Chechens clustered closest to Azeris, Georgians and Kabardins. They clustered closer to European populations than Middle Eastern populations this time, but were significantly closer to Western European populations (Basques and Britons) than to Eastern European populations (Russians and other Slavs, as well as Estonians), despite living in the East. They actually clustered about as close to Basques as they did to Ingush (Chechens also cluster closer to many other populations than Ingush, such as Armenians and Abazins), but the Chechens were the closer to the Ingush than any other population, the imbalance probably largely being due to the uniqueness of the Ingush on the mitochondrial DNA among those tested.

And here is a woman from the area. Fatima Hazueva is "Miss Caucasus 2006" winner. And she was runner-up "Miss Chechnya 2006"


Although the MtDNA is more mixed than the male, the Rh negative traits
do show up in the women too.


A group of Chechen women.




The photos included in this article have been found on an anthropology forum and are for illustration purposes only. We do not hold the copyright to these photos and we are willing to link to the original source if it is provided, or remove any at the copyright holders request.


- Tau Tia L Douglass


All Research © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved
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Sunday, 20 October 2013

O Negative Blood & HIV Protection Delta 32


The delta 32 gene is part of the genetic sequence making up the CCR5 receptor which is found on the surface of the CD4 cell. HIV uses this receptor to connect with and infect a CD4 cell.

We all have two genes for each characteristic (two sets of chromosomes), one from the mother and one from the father. Being negative for delta 32 on one of the set and having delta 32 positive on the other (called heterozygous) is related to a reduced risk from HIV compared to someone with two positive delta chromosomes. This type of heterozygous mutation occurs in about 20% of Caucasians but in about 1% of people from African origin.

If both genes are delta 32 negative this is called homozygous and occurs in only about 1% of Caucasians. This provides a much stronger protection against HIV.

Those who are likely to have one + and one - have O Rh negative blood type, and this is because they have some Neanderthal genes, a lot more so than others and there are plenty of other genetic differences too.

But only 1% of O Rh negatives are delta 32 negative on both chromosomes, and despite it being called a mutation or deletion, much like they try to tell us about Rhesus negative blood, it was actually always that way in Neanderthals.

You can thank the ancient Serpent Bloodline for your raised protection against HIV.



All Research © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved
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Tuesday, 8 October 2013

Elven Ears

We have all heard stories about Elves, Fairies and Neanderthals having pointy ears. But the pointed bit happens to be on the inside, not on the top of the ear. It is a popular misconception.

Here is an example of what I mean.


Do you struggle using headphones that are placed inside the ears?
Are ear plugs just too big?


Well that is because Neanderthal ears not only have a smaller and narrower ear canal, making it harder to insert something into the ear. They also have a completely different and smaller inner ear.













Neanderthals have very sensitive hearing, and can hear high pitched sounds that modern humans can not. This extra sensitive hearing can be a disadvantage in a noisy city, as having the ability to hear everything in fine detail becomes confusing when there are too many different sounds. It makes it near impossible to focus on just one thing.

Walking past cash machines, the high pitch noise from them is deafening. Computers all make a high pitch noise too. TV sets, and most other electrical items make high pitched noises that modern humans are oblivious of.

Of course this sensitive hearing is ideal for hunting and other skills. It just isn't as useful when you live in a city.


All Research © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved
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Monday, 30 September 2013

Rh Negative Mood Eyes

Do your eyes change colour depending on your mood?



If they do you probably have Rh negative blood.

Our eyes can change colour depending on how we feel.


If we are a bit depressed or down, they go grey.


If we are happy they are bright blue.


If we are in a jealous or in an evil mood they are green.


When we are angry they can go black.


When they are violet it means we are in the mood for love.








Images from Google Images, no copyright claimed. If you are the owner of the image and want it removed from the site it will be removed immediately on your request.
All Research © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved
DO NOT COPY THIS WORK TO OTHER WEB SITES - JUST LINK TO IT

Saturday, 28 September 2013

Blood Brothers & Sisters

Many often doubt details that they are not themselves au courant with. They talk about Rh negative blood like it is a modern invention, just because in 1937 Karl Landsteiner 'discovered' it. They say so how could anyone know that they are pure bloodline?

You can know if you are a pure line if your family has kept records, just because a man recently named the blood type, it doesn't mean we haven't known about it for a long time before. Like for instance when pure Neanderthals were creating Simples (simian people - modern humans), the differences were noticed.

An ancient tradition of the old families was to cut themselves and mix blood, if it didn't congeal it meant they were both of the bloodline, blood brothers and sisters. But all the records were kept, so the families knew who the other families were anyway, it was purely a ritual, and to prove it wasn't an impostor.

People can be so closed minded they find it hard to see past anything that was 'discovered' or more accurately rediscovered, in the last few hundred years. Our families are very ancient, we have been here for hundreds of thousands of years, it is a bit rude and arrogant for people to think we didn't learn anything in all that time.



All Research © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved
DO NOT COPY THIS WORK TO OTHER WEB SITES - JUST LINK TO IT

Monday, 29 July 2013

7 Traits of Rh negatives you might not already know about


Being Rh negative is pretty special within itself, but do you have these magick powers too?

1, Empathy - You walk into a room and you instantly pick up on the vibes. You will know when someone has been laughing, crying, arguing, or is sad. It doesn't matter if someone denies they are sad or upset about something, you will know the truth. You can tune into their feelings so well that if you are not careful you take on the other persons emotions too. We need to learn to hold back a little, otherwise we are no use to those who need us most.

2, Psychic - Yes, you did know that was going to happen didn't you? How often to find yourself 'just knowing' something is going to happen before it does? Probably often right? It can get a little irritating can't it? Always knowing what is going to happen next. No one can hold a surprise party for you, or buy you a surprise gift can they? You already knew all about it before they have even decided to plan it.

3, Mysterious - How often do you get told that someone just can't figure you out? If you are Rh negative probably pretty often. This can often make others distrust you, or sometimes they might even think you are 'too nice' and therefore you must be hiding something. However, you attract lovers, unwanted attention and stalkers like no one else you have ever known! There is just something about you.. you are mysterious and your peers either love it or hate it.

4, Dreams - You have the most amazing pre-cognitive dreams, or just dreams that you can learn so much from. Your inner world teaches you so many lessons and you love to dream. Entering the dream realms is fascinating to you and you allow your dreams to teach you things, that others just don't seem to notice. Actually you are the one others will come to and ask what their dreams mean, you can usually figure things out pretty well.

5, Deep Thinker - You know how frustrating it is to sit thinking about the universe, the planets, the stars, insects, atoms, or anything really, but in a very deep contemplative way. And when you try to discuss these thoughts with your peers, they look at you like you are crazy? Yes, they are not a deep thinker like you and it can feel lonely at times when you are surrounded purely by others who aren't like you.

6, Fountain of Youth - OK not exactly forever young, but as you pass your 20s you will notice that a lot of people think you are younger than your years. Rh negatives seem to radiate youth no matter how old they get.

7, Creativity - Us negs are a creative lot, and it doesn't mean just art. Writing, poetry, crafts, baking, making things, designing stuff, building a business, performing, making music, rituals, no matter what it is you will have plenty of creative ideas and concepts just ready to express out on to the world. Why don't others get it? You might think to yourself, as they continue on with their mundane life without ever seeming to have the need to create or be creative in any way. Freedom to express this creativity is very important to negs.





© Tau Tia L Douglass July 2013 All Rights Reserved

Find out more http://bloodtypepersonality.info/

Tuesday, 9 July 2013

O Negs & Cancer Immunity


Ever wondered why O negs rarely get cancer? It is because cancer rarely occurs naturally, however the virus that causes cancer was created in rhesus monkeys and was used as a vaccination against Polio. People are dropping dead from cancer because they had the Polio vaccination. However, the virus can not bind to the blood of O negs because it is a simian virus. The virus is called SV40. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SV40

Thursday, 7 March 2013

Risks During Pregnancy Regarding Rh Status


There seems to be a lot of confusion where Rh status and pregnancy are concerned, so I thought I would make a chart for you to check against.

You have to remember though, that problems only occur when the positive baby or the positive Mother passes their own blood to a negative Mother or baby.

To avoid all problems completely you should only have children with someone who is the same Rh status as you. This is also not taking into account all the other factors in blood like Kell, Duffy and others which can also affect pregnancy.


Monday, 11 February 2013

Rh Negative Blood & Hypothyroidism



Did you know that the thyroid medication your Doctor gives you is synthetic?

Thyroid-S is natural and works much better.


Friday, 25 January 2013

Are you a Secretor or a Non-Secretor?


You may know your blood type – but do you know whether or not you're a secretor or a non-secretor? Most people have no idea that this blood typing sub-system even exists, but in truth, knowing which category you fall into can help you to make the most of your health.

The concepts of secretors and non-secretors were first introduced to the public by Dr. Peter D'Adamo's book Eat Right 4 Your Blood Type. In his book, Dr. D'Adamo posits that differences in blood type make people respond differently to various diets and medical treatments, and are the reason why some people are more vulnerable to certain illnesses and maladies than others. Each blood type, he says, has a distinct chemical reaction to lectins – substances found in foods. When a person eats a food containing lectins that are incompatible with his or her blood type, those lectins target a certain area and cause blood cells in that area to clump (or agglutinate), leading to uncomfortable symptoms. Continuing to ingest the offensive food will make the person susceptible to disease in the areas where the agglutination occurs.

Whether you're a secretor or a non-secretor is completely independent of your blood type, but just as important when it comes to understanding any metabolic dysfunctions and immune susceptibilities. Simply put, a secretor is a person whose body secretes its blood type antigens into its fluids – saliva, mucus, etc. A non-secretor does not. (Approximately 80% of the general population are estimated to be secretors.) And while no one blood type is better than the others, it is thought better to be a secretor than a non-secretor. The ability to secrete blood type antigens into your bodily fluids offers enhanced protection against outside factors such as potentially harmful microorganisms and the lectins from the food you eat. Secretors also have a more accomodating intestinal environment in which beneficial probiotic bacteria can thrive, since blood type can be used as a food source for such bacteria. Non-secretors on the other hand, because their bodies don't infuse their fluids with blood type antigens, have tendencies toward:

• Higher rates of oral disease, including more cavities – and, interestingly, habitual snoring
• Digestive problems, such as inflammation and ulcers
• A more prevalent rate of autoimmune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis
• Lungs that are more susceptible to environmental factors and cigarette smoking
• A greater risk of diabetes and heart disease
• A greater risk for recurrent urinary tract and Candida (yeast) infections
• An increased association with alcoholism
• More difficulty breaking down dietary fat and properly metabolizing calcium
• An increased intolerance to carbohydrates

Your “secretor/non-secretor” status, in conjunction with your blood type, also determines the viscosity and clotting time of your blood. So you see? Since many of your bodily functions and responses are influenced by your secretor status, knowing which you are can be a valuable tool in determining how to take the best care of yourself – and how to feel better than ever.

Source

Secretor status

Antigens are present in the blood and, in most individuals, in bodily fluids such as saliva. If antigens are present in your bodily fluids, you are known as a ‘secretor’. If they are not present in your bodily fluids, you are a ‘non-secretor’. This fact is important for the diet, so it is important that you find out your secretor status.

Some researchers have found a correlation between Rhesus status and Secretor status. If you are unable to determine your Secretor status, a general rule of thumb is that Rhesus + usually denotes a secretor, and Rhesus – usually denotes a non-secretor. This research has not been sufficiently documented at this stage, so if possible and if available in your country, a test for secretor status should be done at the same time as the test for your blood type.

Secretors are shown as ‘1’ and non-secretors as ‘2’, for example, A1 (secretor) or A2 (non-secretor).

Tuesday, 15 January 2013

Rh Negative Eye Colours


It is said that eyes can never lie, that when you look into someone's eyes you can see their true spirit. There are so many different colours and shades of eyes but Rh negatives do tend to have lighter eyes in general. They also tend to have mood eyes - changing colour depending on their mood and what they are wearing.



I decided to a survey to find out the most popular eye colours in Rh negatives and then a survey out in the public where anyone could answer.



Because all eye colours are made up from brown and blue, and the colour in between those is green I decided to make the survey more fair we should group certain shades in to one of these three groups, as follows:

Brown Eyes - Amber, Black.
Green Eyes - Hazel, Olive.
Blue Eyes - Grey, Violet.

Here are the results within the Rh negative study group.

Chart Created by & © Copyright Tia L Douglass 2012 All Rights Reserved

As you can see in the Rh negative study group green is the highest, closely followed by blue and brown is the lowest. This points to the original Rh negatives having blue eyes. Brown is the dominant eye colour which normally over rides any other colour, then green, then blue. Seeing as blue is so high here it shows that those with Rh negative genes do carry the blue eyed gene strongly, as all green eyed people also carry it.

Here is the chart for the general public results, within Europe, Scandinavia, America and Australia.

Chart Created by & © Copyright Tia L Douglass 2012 All Rights Reserved


These results are harder to get a good picture from because it isn't a worldwide survey and seeing as the vast majority of the world has brown eyes. However this is including areas with the highest number of blue eyes.

What is interesting is how people seem to think that green eyes are rare, however there are lot of places in the world where the people have green eyes, and these areas show where our ancient bloodline families have visited the most, as the genes are still strong there, because as I said, all people with green eyes carry the blue eyed genes. Obviously after time an area left behind will slowly lose all green and blue eyes completely, so long as people are breeding with people with brown eyes, as they are the dominant genes.



We all have the same two eye colour genes. What gives us different eye colours are which variations of these genes we have.

One of these genes is called HERC2. It comes in two variations, brown and blue. The other gene, called gey, also comes in two versions -- green and blue.

Your eye colour depends on which combination of these versions you have as shown below:


So you can see how difficult it is for someone to have green or blue eyes, especially blue.



Chart Created by & © Copyright Tia L Douglass 2012 All Rights Reserved
Here is a map of all the places in the world where people carry the green eyed gene.
Most of the other areas are all brown eyed areas completely, with only Europe, Scandinavia, America, Russia and Australia having some blue eyes.



All Research & Graphics © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved
DO NOT COPY THIS WORK TO OTHER WEB SITES - JUST LINK TO IT


© Copyright Tau Tia Douglass All Rights Reserved - NO PART CAN BE USED WITHOUT WRITTEN PERMISSION

Saturday, 12 January 2013

Child Blood Type Calculator




Blood Type Genetic Basis:


In genetics, blood type gene has two alleles, each allele has genotype A, B or O. 
The A and B are dominant, and O is recessive. So allele A combined with allele O is type A.
Similarly, BO is type B, AA is type A, BB is type B, OO is type O, and AB is type AB.
If both parents have type A blood, then the alleles could be AA or AO, thus the allele A frequency is 75%, allele O frequency is 25% for both parents.
So the chance of alleles OO is 25% × 25% = 6.25%, 
alleles AA is 75% × 75% = 56.25%, 
alleles AO is 75% × 25% = 18.75%, 
alleles OA is 25% × 75% = 18.75%.
Since AA, AO and OA are blood type A, and OO is blood type O, thus their child has 6.25% chance to be blood type O and 93.75% chance to be blood type A. 

The +/- is called the rhesus factor, with + being dominant, and - being recessive.
So if both parents are -, the kids are always -, otherwise the kids might be + or -. 


Child Blood Type Estimate Table:
Father's Blood Type
ABABO
Mother's
Blood
Type
AA/OA/B/AB/OA/B/ABA/O
BA/B/AB/OB/OA/B/ABB/O
ABA/B/ABA/B/ABA/B/ABA/B
OA/OB/OA/BO


Parent Blood Type Estimate Table:
Child's Blood Type
ABABO
One
Parent's
Blood
Type
AA/B/AB/OB/ABB/ABA/B/O
BA/AB/OA/B/AB/OA/ABA/B/O
ABA/B/AB/OA/B/AB/OA/B/ABImpossible
OA/ABB/ABImpossibleA/B/O
Source: http://www.endmemo.com/medical/bloodtype.php

Friday, 11 January 2013

Mules Are Rh Negative!!


OK so you know how these memes start.. Some ill-informed person decides to start a rumour without checking the facts, and then posts it up on the internet. Soon it is all over, and people copy and paste is everywhere and the source of the disinformation is soon lost.

However, being as this blog deals in facts only I thought I would put to bed the idea that mules have Rh negative blood once and for all.

Animals have different blood and antigens to humans. Animals do get Hemolytic disease which can be caused when human Rh negatives and positives have children together. However that does not mean to say it is the same antigen that causes it in animals too.

Neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) is an immune-mediated hemolytic disease seen in newborn horses, mules, cattle, pigs, cats, and, rarely, in dogs. NI is caused by ingestion of maternal colostrum containing antibodies to one of the neonate’s blood group antigens. The maternal antibodies develop to specific foreign blood group antigens during previous pregnancies, unmatched transfusions, and from Babesia and Anaplasma vaccinations in cattle. Cats are unique in that blood type B cats have naturally occurring anti-A antibodies without prior exposure, and their kittens that are type A develop hemolysis after nursing. In horses, the antigens usually involved are A, C, and Q; NI is most commonly seen in Thoroughbreds and mules. Neonates with NI are normal at birth but develop severe hemolytic anemia within 2-3 days and become weak and icteric. Diagnosis is confirmed by screening maternal serum, plasma, or colostrum against the paternal or neonatal RBC. Treatment consists of stopping any colostrum while giving supportive care with transfusions. If necessary, neonates can be transfused with triple-washed maternal RBC. NI can be avoided by withholding maternal colostrum and giving colostrum from a maternal source free of the antibodies. The newborn’s RBC can be mixed with maternal serum to look for agglutination before the newborn is allowed to receive maternal colostrum.

         http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/10203.htm

On these fantasy sites they also use the fact mules are sterile as a way of comparing it to Rh neg women having trouble to have babies with Rh positives.

A mule is the product of two different species (a horse and a donkey) mating with each other. Mules are always sterile because horses and donkeys have different chromosome numbers.

For the mule, having parents with different chromosome numbers isn't a problem. During mitotic cell division, each of the chromosomes copies itself and then distributes these two copies to the two daughter cells. In contrast, when the mule is producing sperm or egg cells during meiosis, each pair of chromosomes (one from Mum and one from Dad) need to pair up with each other. Since the mule doesn't have an even number of homologous pairs (his parents had different chromosome numbers), meiosis is disrupted and viable sperm and eggs are not formed.

Neanderthals and the simians they mixed genes with did have different amount of chromosomes, but the two smallest ape chromosomes were combined into a single, larger human chromosome.

Most ape and human chromosomes are identical. The 9th and the 14th ape chromosomes, when combined, are like a palindrome of the human 12th chromosome. That is, when viewed on a chromatic scale, if the ape chromosomes (9 + 14) are joined and flipped over, the result would look just like the human #12 chromosome.

That's what makes apes so genetically close to human beings, despite the difference in the number of chromosomes, and once the chromosomes had been joined and Sapiens were created it was possible for them to breed with Neanderthals. Some of the Neanderthals did breed with the new Sapiens, and that produced the Cro-Magnons. It was harder for them reproduce this way, but was possible, even though the Rh factor was different.

Even though Neanderthals and the simians started out not being able to breed with each other, after the genetic engineering it was possible. The Sapiens could of course breed very easily between themselves. 

Two people with Rh negative blood can have children normally, as can two Rh positives. The only problems occur when the parents are incompatible and it doesn't matter which way round it is.

Like so:

Father Mother Result
Rh Negative Rh Negative Normal
Rh Positive Rh Positive Normal
Rh Positive Rh Negative Problems
Rh Negative Rh Positive Problems








By Tia L Douglass of NATA

Rh Negative Related Health Genetics


Sardinian Lady
Rh Negative Blood Linked To The High Amount of Diabetes Type 1 in Sardinians.

Type 1 diabetes among Sardinian children is increasing: the Sardinian diabetes register for children aged 0-14 years (1989-1999).

Casu A, Pascutto C, Bernardinelli L, Songini M.

Source

Department of Internal Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Brotzu, Via Peretti, Cagliari, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The Sardinian type 1 diabetes register represented the basis to determine the most recent trends and the age distribution of type 1 diabetes incidence among Sardinians <15 years of age during 1989-1999. Part of the data (1989-1998) has been already published by the EURODIAB Group with a lower completeness of ascertainment (87%). The geographical distribution of type 1 diabetes risk was also investigated.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

The new cases of type 1 diabetes in children aged 0-14 years in Sardinia were prospectively registered from 1989 to 1999 according to the EURODIAB ACE criteria. The completeness of ascertainment calculated applying the capture-recapture method was 91%. Standardized incidence rates and 95% CI were calculated assuming the Poisson distribution. Trend of type 1 diabetes incidence was analyzed using the Poisson regression model. Maps of the geographical distribution of type 1 diabetes risk for the whole time period and separately for 1989-1994 and 1995-1999 were produced applying a Bayesian method.

RESULTS:

A total of 1214 type 1 diabetic patients were registered yielding to an overall age- and sex-standardized incidence rate of 38.8/100000 (95% CI 36.7-41.1). There was a male excess with an overall male-to-female ratio of 1.4 (1.3-1.8). The increase of incidence during the 11 years analyzed was statistically significant (P = 0.002) with a yearly increasing rate of 2.8% (1.0-4.7). No evidence of an effect of age and sex on this trend has been found. The geographical distribution of type 1 diabetes relative risk (RR) showed that the highest risk areas are located in the southern and central-eastern part of the island and the lowest risk in the northeastern part, even if most of these differences were not statistically significant. This geographical distribution seemed to remain mainly the same between 1989-1994 and 1995-1999.

CONCLUSIONS:

The homogeneity of diabetes risk and the increase of incidence over the age-groups in the Sardinian population stress the role of an environmental factor uniformly distributed among the genetically high-risk Sardinians.[1]

Sardinian DNA
About 42% of the Sardinians belong to Y-chromosome haplogroup I. The second most common Y-chromosome haplogroup among Sardinian male population is the haplogroup R1b (22% of the total population) mainly present in the northern part of the island. Sardinia also has a relatively high distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroup G (11%), which is also found in the Caucasus, the Pyrenees and the Alps, in particular Tyrol area. Other haplogroups show lower frequencies.

Note: These health problems then seem to be related to the I haplogroup and Rh negative blood parts of the island, but not R1b areas.

The most common mtDNA haplogroups in Sardinia are H (H1 and H3) and V who are also particularly common in the iberian peninsula. Some subclades typical of Sardinia and rare in the rest of Europe are:

The subclade U5b3a1 of Haplogroup U (mtDNA), about 4% of the female population in Sardinia belongs to this haplotype. One other interesting anomaly is the presence of H13a of Haplogroup H (mtDNA) is present in the island at around 9.2%. As this is an extremely rare subclade normally present in the Caucasus, its worthy of further investigation.[2]

RH blood groups and diabetic disorders: is there an effect on glycosylated hemoglobin level?
Hum Biol. 2000 Apr;72(2):287-94.
Gloria-Bottini F, Antonacci E, Bottini N, Ogana A, Borgiani P, De Santis G, Lucarini N.
  • Recent cloning of RH genes has elucidated their structure, suggesting that RH proteins are part of an oligomeric complex with transport function in the erythrocyte. This observation prompted us to investigate a possible relationship between the RH system and the glycosylated hemoglobin level (Hb A(1c)) in diabetes. This compound is considered an important indicator- of glycemic control in diabetic disorders. We studied 278 subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) from the population of Penne, Italy. Glycemic and glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb A(1c)) levels are associated with RH phenotype. Glucose and Hb A(1c) levels are increased in DCcEe subjects and decreased in ddccee subjects as compared to the mean values for other genotypes. Sex, age at onset of disease, duration of disease, and age of patients were also considered. Correlation analysis suggests that these variables influence glycemia directly and Hb A(1c) indirectly. The RH system, on the other hand, seems to influence the Hb A(1c) level directly. Preliminary data on 53 children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) from Sardinia seem to confirm the relationship between RH and Hb A(1c) observed in NIDDM. Since glycosylated hemoglobin is found inside red blood cells, the relationship between RH genetic variability and Hb A(1c) level suggests that RH proteins may influence glucose transport through red cell membrane and/or hemoglobin glycation.[3]

Type 1 Diabetes is linked to other genetic traits of Rh Negatives through SNP data:

SNP Rs2476601

This SNP, located in the PTPN22 gene and also known as R620W, or 1858C>T, may influence Rheumatoid Arthritis and other autoimmune diseases, including but not limited to, multiple sclerosisCrohn's diseaseceliac disease and type-1 diabetes.
In an expanded follow-up study of >6,000 controls and 6,000 patients, the heterozygote odds ratio for type-1 diabetes for this SNP was recalculated to be 1.98 (CI 1.82-2.15). [PMID 17554260]

rs2476601 was confirmed in another 2007 study to be a risk factor for RA [PMID 17804836].

rs2476601 shows a 0.75 (r squared) correlation with rs6679677, a SNP in the RSBN1 gene associated with rheumatoid arthritis. [PMID 17554300]

[PMID 17934143]] Confirms association of rs2476601 with type-1 diabetes in a Sardinian population of 490 sporadic patients (794 families).
[PMID 18301444] In study of 332 Norwegian patients plus a meta-analysis, the rs2476601(A) allele was linked to autoimmune Addison's disease (p=0.003)
[PMID 18305142rs2476601(A) has a higher relative risk in type-1 diabetes cases carrying lower risk HLA class II genotypes than in those carrying higher risk ones (p=1.36x10-4 in a test of interaction).[4]

Linking PTPN22 with HLA-B27 which is associated with many autoimmune diseases, where as the SNP is associated with various others including Diabetes.

Confirmation of the genetic association of CTLA4 and PTPN22 with ANCA-associated vasculitis.
Conclusion

PTPN22 rs2476601 is associated with HLA-B27 which in turn is associated with Rh negative blood and all the related health problems, including but not limited to: Type 1 diabetes, autoimmune thyroid disease, celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitus.

These health problems are particularly virulent in those with ftDNA I and mtDNA H.

Sources

[1] Type 1 diabetes among sardinian children is increasing - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15220238
[2] DNA of Sardinians - nature.com/ejhg/journal/v11/n10/full/5201040a.html
[3] Diabetic Disorders linked to Diabetes Type 1 - generativemedicine.org/wiki/wiki.pl/Rhesus_(Rh)_Blood_Group
[4] SNP Rs2476601 - snpedia.com/index.php/Rs2476601
[5] Linking PTPN22 with HLA-B27 - http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC3224698/?report=abstract

Research by Tia L Douglass of NATA