Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Aquatic Apes

Neanderthals evolved naturally and were in the water much longer than other land apes. Humans have picked up certain traits from Neanderthals through the mixing. One of those traits is that your fingers go wrinkly when they are in water, this is for no other reason than to enhance our grip underwater.

As aquatic apes we would stand in the water and catch fish with our hands. This evolutionary trait
helped us to catch and keep the fish from slipping out of our grip.

I am often asked if people with O Rh negative blood don't have any ape genes, well of course they do, all humans evolved from all kinds of creatures if you go far enough back. Neanderthals with O negative blood evolved from aquatic apes. A Rh positive blood came from chimps - land apes and B Rh positive blood came from gorillas - or at least apes in the same line as those.

If someone has A, B or AB negative blood, it is because of the mixing with those with O Rh negative blood. A pure bloodline is O Rh negative, as is B Rh positive and if you go far enough back A positive is a pure bloodline too. These are the origins of the blood types, people are very mixed today though and so most could have any blood type.

When I talk about pure lines I am talking about the origins of a blood line - O Rh negative is pure blood of a line and also has no A or B antigen and no rhesus protein, therefore is described as pure because all types can take this blood.

A Rh positive is a pure line, because it is the origin of that bloodline, as is B Rh positive. AB positive doesn't have a pure line because it is mixed.

Find out more in the book Secrets of the Serpent Bloodline by Tau Tia L Douglass

All Research © Copyright Tau Tia L Douglass 2012-2015 All Rights Reserved


  1. Thanks for this. FYI, an update of AAT. Better terms than ‘aquatic ape' are 'coastal dispersal' theory (S.Munro 2010 "Molluscs as Ecological Indicators in Palaeoanthropological Contexts" PhD thesis Austr.Nat.Univ Canberra): rather than running over open plains as most popular accounts of human evolution still believe, Homo populations during the Ice Ages followed coasts (as far as Indonesia, the Cape & England) & from the coasts up rivers, wading bipedally, diving & beach-combing for waterside & shallow aquatic foods.
    The proceedings of the symposium on human waterside evolution “Human Evolution: Past, Present & Future” (London 8-10 May 2013, with David Attenborough & Don Johanson) are published in 2 special editions of Human Evolution):
    Special Edition Part 1 (end 2013)
    - Peter Rhys-Evans: Introduction
    - Stephen Oppenheimer: Human's Association with Water Bodies: the 'Exaggerated Diving Reflex' and its Relationship with the Evolutionary Allometry of Human Pelvic and Brain Sizes
    - JH Langdon: Human Ecological Breadth: Why Neither Savanna nor Aquatic Hypotheses can Hold Water
    - Stephen Munro: Endurance Running versus Underwater Foraging: an Anatomical and Palaeoecological Perspective
    - Algis Kuliukas: Wading Hypotheses of the Origin of Human Bipedalism
    - Marc Verhaegen: The Aquatic Ape Evolves: Common Misconceptions and Unproven Assumptions about the So-Called Aquatic Ape Hypothesis
    - CL Broadhurst & Michael Crawford: The Epigenetic Emergence of Culture at the Coastline: Interaction of Genes, Nutrition, Environment and Demography
    Special Edition Part 2 (begin 2014) with 12 contributions.
    - econiche Homo
    - Rhys Evans Vaneechoutte
    marc verhaegen

  2. How in gods name do you presume to know which "ape" we are all descendant from? Are you a geneticist? No you are a blogger. I would like to see the tiniest bit of scientific proof showing that we all descended from different apes.

  3. How in gods name do you presume to know which "ape" we are all descendant from? Are you a geneticist? No you are a blogger. I would like to see the tiniest bit of scientific proof showing that we all descended from different apes.

    1. Humans are apes! We evolved like all other animals and life on earth of course.

  4. Yes. Mary, nobody says we evolved from different apes. Chimpanzees are our nearest relatives. DNA comparisons show that the last common ancestors of chimp & humans lived about 5 million years ago. Comparative data suggest that they probably lived in coastal forests, possibly along the African Indian Ocean. When their & our ancestors split (c 5 Ma), our ancestors followed the Indian Ocean coastal forests. When with the appearance of the Ice Ages (after c 2.6 Ma), sea-levels dropped, large territories on the continental shelves, probably shellfish-rich & tree-poor, came available for our handy ancestors, to use stone tools to open shellfish. They beach-combed, dived & waded in coastal waters of Africa & Eurasia & gradually also in rivers to collect different sorts of littoral, shallow-aquatic & waterside foods: "coastal dispersal theory" is a lot more correct than "aquatic ape theory". This explains why humans, as opposed to chimps, lost our fur (tropical semi-aquatic), got thick subcutaneous fat layers (thermo-insulating), very large brains (cf brain-specific nutrients in seafood etc.), long legs & a vertical stance (wading to look down at edible food in shallow water) etc. For scientific evidence, google e.g. "researchGate marc verhaegen".

  5. I have no idea, Elene, I don't see a connection between the littoral theory & blood groups, nor between wrinkly fingers & blood groups?
    OTOH, I'm not sure whether "we would stand in the water and catch fish with our hands ... (wrinkly fingers) helped us to catch and keep the fish from slipping out of our grip."? This is not impossible, but AFAIK there's no evidence for this.
    Comparative evidence (pachyosteosclerosis POS, ear exostoses, projecting nostrils, platycephaly, platymeria, brain expansion, intercontinental dispersal etc.) suggests that archaic Homo were parttime divers for sessile foods, e.g. shellfish, seaweeds etc. (e.g. my paper with Stephen Munro 2011 HOMO J.compar.hum.Biol. 62:237-247 "Pachyosteosclerosis suggests archaic Homo frequently collected sessile littoral foods"), but H.sapiens lost or reduced these "littoral features": I argue they became bipedal waders in very shallow waters with composite tools (& nets?) to catch also fishes (cf isotopic data): "H.sapiens’ gracile skulls (higher & shorter vaults, reduced POS) appeared in the fossil record at Omo & Herto (E.Africa after 0.2 Ma), we got longer tibias & presumably straighter legs, shorter & less horizontal femoral necks, a narrower pelvis, rel.long & more vertical spinous processes of the mid-thoracal vertebrae (stabilising the orthograde spine). This suggests our ancestors (~0.2 Ma?) abandoned regular diving, but more frequently waded upright & beach-combed on 2 legs, possibly to spot edible foods in very shallow water such as cray- & shellfish, or to spear fishes from above or perhaps to use nets. The remarkably high frequency of varicose veins on the hindlimbs but not arms in humans (a very variable trait) suggests that this wading-adaptation (superficial veins are ideal to discharge superfluous body heat to the surrounding water, and the water pressure prevented varices) is disappearing. ... spent more & more time outside the water, walking on land plantigradely as they did in very shallow water. Maps of human population densities show that, although we have become fully terrestrial today, we are still a waterside species, and perhaps half of human dietary calories still come from the water: fish, shell- and crayfish, rice, aquaculture, etc."